The Newstead type

Although the find from Newstead (GBR) provided much information about this type, it was not as complete as the examples from Corbridge (GBR) and the fact that it used large lobate hinges was only recognised comparatively recently, largely thanks to further finds from Carlisle (GBR). The system of fastening the girth hoops had changed and the upper and lower sections were joined with hooks rather than straps, a technique that first appeared on the Corbridge type. A set of girth hoops from Stillfried (AUT) showed how copper-alloy binding was used on the lower and sometimes the upper girth hoops, and a unusual additional hook was set on either side. The main period of use of the Newstead type was c.A.D.140–250.